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The Molten Glass Sewing Machine

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The molten glass sewing machine:

P.-T. Brun,
Department of Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Giorgia Franchin,
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova

Michael Stern,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chikara Inamura,
Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Daniel Lizardo,
Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Markus Kayser,
Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

John Klein,
Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Peter Houk,
Department of Material Science and Engineering Glass Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Neri Oxman,
Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/APS.DFD.2015.GFM.V0062

The viscous coiling instability of a thread of molten glass is harnessed to fabricate structured materials. Molten glass is poured from a nozzle and stretches under the action of gravity before impacting the base plate. The resulting fluid thread buckles into a coiling instability, similar to what is observed when pouring honey on toast. When the nozzle is translated this mundane situation evolves into three different patterns, repeating or alternating loops and meanders. Those patterns are rationalized using a geometrical model first derived for the viscous counterpart of this experiment, known as the fluid mechanical sewing machine. The ratio between the advection speed of the nozzle and the speed at which the thread impinges the substrate is key in the formation of these patterns, so that simple design guidelines may be provided even in the context of molten glass, whose rheology is non-uniform along the thread due to temperature gradients. Upon cooling, the patterns may be readily collected and used for a variety of applications.

See other videos from the 2015 Gallery of Fluid Motion: http://gfm.aps.org/

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